The Victorian theme lends a grand look to the interiors of your home. For a sophisticated and classic look, opt for the Victorian theme for your home decor. This theme can be infused in several doses to impart opulence in layers in the various areas of the home.
The Victorian look can, at times, appear heavy because of a profusion of trimmings and fuss, but a contemporary twist can also make it suitable for modern living.
You can begin with designing a stunning Victorian living room with arched windows and doorways, and double height French windows with heavy teak wood panelling. Keep the walls uncluttered. Instead of having a number of paintings, opt for a single one along with an antique wall clock, accentuating the look of the polished wood.
Use rich, jewel-toned colours to accessorise, such as strong blues, deep reds and rich greens. Opt for floral prints for your wallpaper and for sofa upholstery.
In the Victorian theme, furniture should be of mahogany or teak, with ornate carving and tables with marble tops. Use round or oval backs for your chairs.
Even standard decorations are done in excess here, be it the fabrics reflecting elaborate patterns, walls covered with intricate and vibrant textures, large flowers in dark colours, or curtains the décor exudes extravagance that typified the era rich, heavy, and opulent.
Some of the characteristic features of this style are marble faux fireplaces, large chandeliers, heavy mirrors, stained glass and chinaware. These can be easily adapted to feature in a modern home.
Victorian picture frames are a great way to make the walls of your room look elegant. They can magically transform any corner. Victorian pictures frames are mostly of brass with varying finishes. Antique finish, copper finish and silver finish are some of the popular finishes for a frame.
Lampshades are elaborate, with brass and etched glass fittings. Glass featured elsewhere too in the form of decorative stained glass used as panels on front doors as well as for windows. Collections of antique dolls impart are very Victorian.
Light up with Tiffany-style lamps, wrought iron or brass chandeliers and even heavy candelabra.
The living areas can have large vases with floral arrangements and plant stands with potted palms. Grecian busts and statues also go well with this theme.
For your bedroom, furnish it with huge pieces of furniture and beds with elaborate canopies or huge head and footboards. Opting for chests and almirahs that are large and ornately carved will complete the look.
Source: Times Property, The Times of India, Chennai
This fourth quarter, however, saw a massive slowdown in real estate sales in Chennai with a 55% drop in housing units sold year-over-year.
In Q4 of 2016, only 757 units were sold compared to 1,673 units in the same period the previous year. Number of project launches in the city fell to 58 from 93 in the year ago period.
“Demonetisation has definitely impacted sales in Chennai. The cash crunch along with cyclone Vardah were a downer when it came to people taking decisions on property,” said Sridhar Srinivasan, managing director, Chennai, Cushman & Wakefield.
However, this is part of an overall trend in Chennai real estate market, which got exacerbated with the cash ban. For instance, the fourth quarter of 2013 saw a high of 2,554 units being sold. After which there has been a decline to 1,629 units in 2014 to 1,673 in 2015.
However, Cushman & Wakefield expects the phenomena to be temporary and won’t last beyond the new two quarters.
As to the “cash” or “black money” component of real estate sales, Srinivasan said this has not impacted mid-segment sales. “Middle-level housing units have seen a high impact. The high-end and luxury segment, which use a higher component of cheque vs cash, saw lesser impact. We are expecting this trend to continue for the next two-three quarter,” he said.
Mid-level housing units saw a 21% dip to 662 units in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to 840 sold units in the comparable quarter last year. High-end units, however, saw sales nearly double to 91 in Q4, from 49 in the year-ago.
Another reason as to why transactions are being hit is because of stamp duty and registration fee that need to be paid at offices. Given the role of the “cash” component in property deed clearances, demonetisation has definitely thrown a wrench in the works.
For the full-year, the number of projects in 2016 dipped 24% to 57 from 75 last year. The number of housing units also dipped 21% to 6,419 from 8,174.
Developers are now ready to find the right tenant for your flat, and deposit the rent into your account
The first bother of an investor is the management of the unit purchased, be it finding a tenant or maintaining an unoccupied residence. This issue can significantly impact investor demand, dipping sales in an increasingly tight real estate market. Considering the current trend of post-sale property management, it can be seen that developers are addressing this issue.
As part of marketing strategies, high-end developments offer to handle the rental segment of the apartment or villa, where end-to-end solutions of finding a tenant, completing the documentation and due diligence, taking over the unit maintenance during the rental period as well as post the unit falling vacant, are provided. These facilities are handled by a separate department dedicated totally for this function, assuring the potential buyer of hassle-free management of the purchased unit.
Jitendra Jagadev, Co-Founder & Managing Director, NestAway, a Bangalore-based project, says “The objective is to provide a steady source of income to home owners besides offering quality maintenance.” The service offer includes a rental default guarantee where the owner is assured of timely rent even in case of a default. Jagadev claimed that the rental fixed by their group would be 1.3 times the average rental prevailing in the selected location, thus offering a significant return to the home owner.
Big help for NRIs
Om Ahuja, CEO-Residential, Brigade Group, says, “Investors such as NRIs are totally dependent on friends and relatives for renting their units and maintaining them during the rental period and when the premises is vacated. Offering this service eases the burden besides giving them the confidence and assurance of the purchased units being taken care of.” He added that, with markets fast evolving, there is likely to be more organised players emerging in this service segment.
Stating that every real estate development involves four aspects — the sale of units, maintenance, rentals, and resale —K.R. Raghavan, President-Sales, Ozone Group, says that these segments need to be addressed effectively to ensure effective marketing. “Most investors are either NRIs or those may not be residing in the city. And even if they do, they may prefer to have their properties managed, be it rental or maintenance. Offering such services can make purchases more attractive.” According to him, the Ozone Group had a scheme that assured a two-year rental at the time of possession of the unit. “Now we have a team that will find the right tenants, handle the documentation and the rental deposits. Besides the maintenance services for the rented units, we offer similar services for units that are not occupied, relieving the buyer the hassle of maintaining an unused unit.”
Given the potential marketing opportunities and impact on demand such services open up, this would emerge as a leading marketing strategy for developments in the coming years, he adds. “It is a win-win situation for both as it offers an assured, hassle-free income stream for the buyer while providing the seller an avenue for service and revenue even after sale.” Snehal Mantri, Director-Marketing and HR, Mantri Developers, says, “We have been offering property management services to our NRI customers for the last 15 years, which includes rentals and resale. This facility is offered to residents in India too on request. Here, not only renting of the units is taken care of, but also the property management, the documentation process, and on the lease getting terminated, a new tenant is found.”
If such services become the prevailing trend in future, investing in real estate may once again become a very attractive, yet hassle-free proposition, inducing a greater fund movement into its domain in the coming years.
It is a win-win situation for both as it offers an assured income for the buyer while providing the seller an avenue for revenue even after sale.
Source The Hindu Property Plus
Not everyone is out looking for a house that will give them steady returns. Some just want a house that is big and comfortable. Of course, scope for capital appreciation or high rental yield is always a welcome add-on. A majority of home buyers are either looking for affordable properties or price correction. If you are actually looking for a house that suits your particular lifestyle and priorities, keep in mind that certain areas cater to a certain style.
While Anna Nagar (E) is an established residential locality, the western part of this locality is fast catching up. Relatively lower land cost in Anna Nagar (W) plus a healthy supply of new properties has led to this locality catching up in the residential market.
Abdur Ravoof, former president, National Association of Realtors and proprietor at Green Global Realty says, “In what remains of the eastern side, most properties are going in for re-development and the new properties preferred here are flats for the convenience they lend.”
Therefore, while the east is in for re-development of properties, Anna Nagar (W) has a reasonable supply of new properties. Average prices are in the range of Rs 8,000-11,000 per sq ft.
Oragadam is perfect for the budget conscious. The area has shed its identity as a fringe location. While Oragadam was always known for its small industries and a large supply of plots, trend watchers say that the sky line seems to have attuned itself to the modern lifestyle. Rajesh Alagusamy, broker, City Side Properties says, “Oragadam only came across as an industrial, manufacturing growth corridor. With time came automobile and IT giants such as Ashok Leyland, Toyota, Apollo Tyres, Renault Nissan, Moserbaer and more. This led to a healthy demand for housing projects.”
“Inter-connectivity is also an added boost for small investors and businessmen coming from Kanchipuram, Madurai and other parts of Chennai. Proximity to the Chennai-Bengaluru Highway as well as NH-45 gives it an added reason for this locality graduating into a popular South Chennai residential pick,” says Vinith Ganeshan, an individual consultant in the city.
Realtors feel that with enhanced rail connectivity, widening of state highway-57, upcoming logistics park and dedicated job markets may push realty even more.
Perungudi is for those who lay importance on value-for-money options. The area might have scaled a slot or two considering that basic amenities are getting a facelift here. “Well-developed localities like Nungambakkam and Adyar have fairly monitored sewerage and drainage lines. We are hoping that Perungudi will follow the same path. With almost 80 percent of sewerage connection completed and water connections starting soon, real estate is sure to get a boost,” says Ganeshan.
Sources have also pointed out that civic authorities have realised the need to have wider roads than construction of flyovers. Therefore, in addition to Valluvar Kottam and Kodambakkam High Road, Annai Nagar in Perungudi is also expected to get wider roads. Perhaps, development activity is what led Perungudi to feature in the top preferred areas for rental accommodation in Chennai. Average values range from Rs 5,500-7,000 per sq ft.
In Chennai, Nungambakkam is a well-known locality. Nungambakkam’s popularity is vested in the fact that it is strategically located close to T Nagar, Mount Road, Kodambakkam and the like. Jaganathan Manikanthan of Prime Property says, “An NRI with Chennai roots is always interested in having a property in his own city. Therefore for most NRI’s Nungambakkam is a hotspot. Besides basic amenities, the locality boasts of well-settled families. The area is also close to some prestigious colleges and if you happen to be an investor, there are sizeable rental returns as well. The area also has parks for seniors and children.”
Prices are in the range of Rs 12,000-17,500 per sq ft and re-development has led to an increase in the housing supply stock.
Source Sneha Sharon Mammen, Times Property, Magicbricks Bureau/ Chennai
Repatriation of home sale funds from India
We live in an age where many youngsters go abroad for higher studies or job and have already settled down in other countries. Many of them are citizens of another country and have only family/ancestral ties to their homeland – India.
The other side of this situation is that the aging parents who are still in India must fend for themselves and find it easier to live in gated communities or in senior citizen homes to have easier access to immediate medical care, companionship, safety and help with errands.
As a result, many of the older generation are selling off independent homes and moving into such gated communities/senior homes. It goes without saying that a substantial portion of sale proceeds is willed to their Non-resident Indians (NRI) children. Sometimes, ancestral property is also received by NRIs by way of partition deeds or gifts from parents or grandparents and they prefer to sell the property and repatriate the funds.
Most NRIs who have settled down abroad would like to repatriate these funds from sale proceeds. It may be of use for the education of their children or to buy a property in their adopted homeland.
Additionally, with most countries tightening up on foreign investments and related reporting, it has become a hassle to maintain accounts and property here and then report the same to tax authorities in both countries.
Residents of the U.S. especially face this dilemma as they are required to report every year details of their foreign financials assets held in excess of certain prescribed dollar limits.
Thus, it is essential to be aware of the formalities involved in repatriating funds abroad from India as such repatriation leads to movement of forex and is governed by RBI and FEMA regulations.
General permission is available to the NRIs or Person of Indian Origins to repatriate the sale proceeds of immovable property inherited from a person resident in India.
The NRIs/PIO may repatriate an amount not exceeding USD one million, per financial year, on production of documentary evidence in support of acquisition / inheritance of assets, an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes.
The sale proceeds of immovable property acquired by way of gift/inheritance should be credited to NRO account only. From the balance in the NRO account, NRI/PIO may remit up to USD one million, per financial year, subject to the satisfaction of Authorized Dealer and payment of applicable taxes.
The capital gains tax is also payable in their country of residence though they can avail credit for the taxes paid in India.
Breaking ties with the homeland is never an easy task, no matter how green the grass may be on the other side. Questions of inheritance, sale and repatriation of funds only add to the confusion.
G. Karthikeyan, Coimbatore-based Chartered Accountant.
Source: The Hindu
R Venugopal (name changed) is among several building owners in the city who have had to unknowingly pay extra money under the garb of `property tax’ to civic officials. “I did not have any idea about property tax rates. There was also no information on the corporation’s website. But I later learned that my neighbour was paying less per square foot, than I was paying,” Venugopal said.
But with Corporation of Chennai uploading a street-wise property tax rate of the city’s 15 zones on its website, corrupt officials will now find it hard to fleece citizens by demanding extra.
There have also been allegations that the civic body’s tax assessors accept bribes to lower assessment of properties. The property tax rate of buildings in different areas varies to a great extent and in the absence of a facility to cross-check the rates, many owners, until recently, were forced to grease the palms of officials.
For instance, the property tax rate for residential buildings varies from 40 paisa per sqft (Sholinganallur zone) to Rs 4 per sqft (Thiruvottiyur zone), while the rate for commercial buildings ranges from Rs 2 per sq ft (Manali zone) to Rs 11.25 per sq ft (Madhavaram zone).
V Gopalakrishnan, an RTI activist and resident of MGR Nagar, said several residents had approached him with complaints.
“Many civic officials tell residents that they can lower property tax if they bribe them. There are several buildings owners who pay residential rate for commercial properties, which results in a huge loss to the corporation,” he added.
For instance, he said a building owner in his neighbourhood, who owns property of 1,600 sqft, pays only for 800 sqft after bribing the officials. “Most people don’t lodge complaint as they don’t want to pay higher tax to the corporation,” he said.
A corporation official said citizens could now see the property tax rate of each streets by clicking `Property Tax Payment’ on the corporation’s website and selecting `Street Rates.’
“We will also conduct surprise inspections of households to check if there are any discrepancies in the property tax assessment. Action would be taken against those involved in malpractices,” he said.
Officials said residents could also fill out a self-assessment property tax form online and calculate the tax rate. The civic body will, however, verify the forms and will impose a fine on those who have paid less tax. Meanwhile, the civic body has also published the list of property tax defaulters on its website.Mobile phone numbers of zonal assistant revenue officers are also available on the website.
The civic body collected a record Rs 581.82 crore as property tax in 2014-15. The corporation had even faced criticism for employing transgender people to shame defaulters. The number of taxpayers increased from 6.5 lakh to 10.82 lakh, after the city’s expansion in 2011.
Christin Mathew Philip, The Times of India, Chennai
Rent an apartment/house if you can’t afford to buy one.’
If you agree with the above argument and believe that renting an apartment or house costs less, you might want to reconsider your ideology. Selective pockets in Chennai are demanding monthly rent that can no longer be termed as affordable. Take a look!
One of the coveted addresses of Chennai, Poes Garden, is home to who’s who of the city. Rental values of available apartments range from Rs 1-2 lakh per month with covered area varying from 2000-4000 sq ft.
Though the basic facilities remain more or less the same, the property value is high only because of the desirable pin code. Living in the locality means sharing neighbourhood with celebrities such as Dr. Jayalalithaa and Rajnikanth.
MRC Nagar is another locality where renting a property is expensive. The area is located on the Adyar creek and offers a sea-view to its residents. Monthly rent can easily reach up to Rs 1.5 lakh for a 3 or 4BHK apartment sized 2000 sq ft.
Facilities being offered in these properties include private terrace or garden, power back up, parking, jogging park, security, rain water harvesting, air conditioning, etc.
Renting a 3BHK apartment in Alwarpet having 4500 sq ft covered area can cost you about Rs 2.5 lakh per month while residential houses having 2500-4000 sq ft covered area are being leased out for Rs 1.5-2 lakh per month.
The area itself is well-developed in terms of social and physical infrastructure. It shares neighbourhood with other premium localities of the city. Alwarpet is surrounded by localities such as Tenyamet, T Nagar and Nandanam. Like the neighbouring Poes Garden, Alwarpet is also home to famous celebrities such as Kamal Hasan, MK Stalin, etc.
Raja Annamalai Puram
Raja Annamalai Puram also has a stock of premium on-lease properties. The rental value of such properties range from Rs 70,000 to Rs 1.5 lakh per month with covered area varying from 2000-2500 sq ft. It is situated on the banks of Adyar river and Adyar creek and most of the apartments demanding high price are either river or creek facing.
Besides monthly rent, in some of properties you will also have to pay monthly maintenance charge and security deposit (refundable).
Ankit Sharma is a part of the Magicbricks- Content & Research team and reports on the emerging property trends and the latest updates of the realty sector.
Source: times of india/ magic bricks
Open House, a consumer forum by Magicbricks, is a regular medium that addresses buyer’s and seller’s doubts and queries. Eminent panels of experts who have in-depth knowledge about the real estate industry, tax regulations and legal nuances in property deals provide advice to reader’s queries.
With the proposed changes in the income tax laws by the Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley in his first Budget, Open House has been receiving many queries on the same, property sale, payment of taxes post sale of apartment in Mumbai, etc. Magicbricks gathered a list of questions and our expert’s answers which will benefit you if you intend to sell property in India.
“I am planning to sell an apartment in Mumbai. What will be the tax amount and how should I pay tax in India? Should I deposit the amount in NRE or NRO account? How can I transfer the amount in my US account?” – Rahul Gupta
As per Magicbricks Tax expert Vaibhav Sankla director, H&R Block (India) Private Limited, opined that in case the property has been held for more than three years, the capital gains are classified as a long-term one. This means capital gains tax at the rate of 20 per cent after indexation becomes applicable.
Sankla capsulated some basic rules that need to be adhered to while buying or selling property in India.
- Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) needs to be paid when the value of the immovable property exceeds Rs 50 lakh
- The buyer must ensure that they deduct the TDS from the amount paid for the property. Proof of the tax paid must be given at the time of registration of property
- Those buying property from NRIs need to factor in this TDS amount or else they may have to pay it themselves, in case the seller leaves the country
- A TDS receipt is issued for those who have a Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN). So, essentially the party will have to apply for and get a TAN from the tax department, they can then issue a TDS receipt to the owner of the withheld TDS
- NRIs selling property in India should ensure they get a TDS receipt. In case, the buyer fails to deposit the TDS deducted with the Indian tax authorities, having a TDS receipt will be proof enough for the NRI regarding the tax payment
- NRIs need to pay 20 per cent for long term capital gains when selling immovable property in India. Indexation will bring the capital gains amount down if the property has been held for a longer time
- Money from the sale of property in India by NRIs cannot be deposited in NRE accounts. Hence, the only option is to deposit the amount in the Non-Resident Ordinary (NRO) account. Transfer of any amount can be made to the NRO account subject to applicable rules like the CA certificate confirming taxes paid, with proof that the money being transferred is only from the sale of the said property in India
Source: Times of India / Magicbricks
Kanchana Dwarakanath is an integrated communications professional with diverse experience in journalism & Marketing Communications. Her current focus areas include real estate, infrastructure, urban management and the skill development market.
Property registration is one of the foremost and important processes that both the parties; seller and buyer needs to come upon. Without finalizing the various important steps, you cannot be sure of the acquisition or selling of the given asset. Land, ready-to-move home or a property that is near completion, each and every property has to undergo the process. However, the registration process can be complex if proper attention is not given as India offers 2 different set of procedures for natives as well as for NRIs who want to mark their foray in Indian real estate market.
The key purpose for which the Act was formulated and made a part of the law was to make sure that the information about all deals concerning property assets is correct. This straightaway ensures proper records and their maintenance. Further, the Act is used for accurate tracking of all the transactions associated with the immovable property.
Here are 5 important things you should know:
- Know the Sub-Registrar in the Locality
The Sub-Registrar is the main point of contact in this entire procedure or you can consider this gazetted officer as the start point. He will ask for all the necessary documents for registration and this happens in the presence of both buyer and seller of the property. The registrar checks various important aspects about the documents like:
- Date of certificate or embossing
- Classification of nature of documents based on The Stamp Act and The Registration Act
- The Stamp Duty
- Support Documents, such as RTC, Form 60 and 61 PAN, Form No. 1, to list a few
- Real Market Value
The sub-registrar who verifies and initiates the registration process needs to know the real market value of the property. It’s not only him but you as a property seller or the potential buyer should also be aware of the real market value. The value is that estimated by the Market Value Committee or consideration. If both the parties do not agree upon the set value then you are free to make an appeal to the District Registrar. Apart from this, you also need to have an idea of the ‘KHASRA’ of the plot/house from the sub-registrar or the registrar.
- The Property Title
This is one aspect that you need to know if you are planning to make an investment in a property. The property title includes knowing the origination of the asset; whether it is being transferred from the developer or the seller. This is required to be known by you otherwise if the title of the property is not clear and marketable then banks may refuse to support you financially. A bank or a housing finance company undertakes the due diligence process before it can approve the project and the loan.
This very process also requires for the buyer to get a No-Encumbrance certificate from concerned registrar.
- The Sale Deed
The Sale Deed is another very important document that is formulated between the buyer and owner; developer may also come in, if applicable. You have to visit an authorized attorney to get the sale deed prepared and duly signed. The Schedule of the property has to be correctly mentioned in the Sale Deed and if any structure is situated over the landed property then that also has to be marked in the Sale Deed with the associated cost.
- The Procedure is City Dependent
It is very important for you to understand the fact that the property registration procedure varies from state to state. For instance, property registration in Mumbai and Ahmedabad is easier to a little extent than in Chennai. If you are planning to buy a house, land or putting up your house for sale in Chennai, then at both the sides the procedure is little elaborate. Unlike Mumbai and other Indian cities, you can obtain stamp paper from stamp vendors. This is otherwise an eased step in the procedure followed in other cities.
- The Alteration of the Property Title
This activity comes in action once the registration is complete. You have to apply to the local municipal authority in order to get the title of the property and get that transferred to your name. This is commonly referred to as mutation of the title of the property. The process today has gone completely automated and this has made the registration procedures, extremely easy. You can easily download the form online or can be obtained from the concerned authority’s office.
Few Handy Tips
Here are some of the handy tips that are add-on to the guide:
- If you are an NRI, then make sure that you have all the documents and identity proofs of the other country ready.
- Make sure that you are aware about the owner or the seller of the property and also that the asset is free of loans and liabilities or not. This goes for both, natives and NRIs.
- Before purchasing any property, you have to ensure proper research work and buy the asset through genuine and authentic seller, developer, brokers or agents.
- Never underestimate the effects of the feedback the local natives can offer you. The people residing in a particular area can very well tell you about the region and reputation of the seller.
Vineeta Tiwari is a keen writer on Global Economy and Realty market. She has written articles on Global realty market and ongoing trends and tips for investors. An ardent reader, she is happy to pen down research based write-ups for global audience. Currently, she is professionally associated with popular realty portal, 99acres.com.